Information document pursuant to and for the purposes of articles 13 and 14 of EU Regulation no. 679/2016 ("GDPR")
Cookies are short text files (letters and/or numbers) that allow the web server to store information on the client (through the user's Internet browser) to be reused during a visit to the website (session cookies) or later, even days later (persistent cookies). Cookies are stored, based on user preferences, by the single browser on the specific device used (computer, tablet, smartphone).
Cookies, usually present in users' browsers in very large numbers and sometimes even with characteristics of large temporal persistence, are used for different purposes: execution of IT authentications, monitoring of sessions, memorization of information on specific configurations concerning users who access the servers, etc.
To find out more about cookies and how they work, visit the website www.allaboutcookies.org or www.youronlinechoices.eu.
2. Types of cookies
In implementation of the provisions contained in Directive 2009/136/EC, the legislator has brought back the obligation to acquire the prior and informed consent of users for the installation of cookies used for purposes other than purely technical ones (cf. art. 1, paragraph 5, letter a), of Legislative Decree 28 May 2012, n. 69, which amended the art. 122 of the Privacy Code).
In this regard, and for the purposes of this provision, two macro-categories are therefore identified: technical cookies and profiling cookies.
a. Technical cookies.
Technical cookies are those used for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide such service (cf. art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
They are not used for other purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or manager of the website. They can be divided into navigation or session cookies, which guarantee normal navigation and use of the website (allowing, for example, to make a purchase or authenticate to access restricted areas); analytics cookies, assimilated to technical cookies when used directly by the site manager to collect information, in aggregate form, on the number of users and how they visit the site; functionality cookies, which allow the user to navigate according to a series of selected criteria (for example, the language, the products selected for purchase) in order to improve the service rendered to the same.
For the installation of these cookies, the prior consent of the users is not required, while the obligation to provide the information pursuant to art. 13 of the Code, which the site manager, if he uses only such devices, will be able to provide in the manner he deems most suitable.
b. Profiling cookies.
Profiling cookies are designed to create user profiles and are used to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the user while surfing the net. Due to the particular invasiveness that such devices can have in the private sphere of users, European and Italian legislation provides that the user must be adequately informed about their use and thus express their valid consent.
The art refers to them. 122 of the Code where it provides that the filing of information in the terminal equipment of a contractor or a user or access to information already archived are permitted only on condition that the contractor or user has given his consent after being informed with the simplified procedures referred to in article 13, paragraph 3 (art. 122, paragraph 1, of the Code).
3. Subjects involved: publishers and third parties.
A further element to consider, for the purpose of correctly defining the subject in question, is the subjective one. In other words, it is necessary to take into account the different entity that installs cookies on the user's terminal, depending on whether it is the manager of the site that the user is visiting (which can be briefly referred to as publisher) or a different site that install cookies through the first (so-called third parties).
Visiting a website you can receive cookies both from the site visited (first party), and from so-called third-party sites such as social plugins such as Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn that allow sharing of online content. The use of third-party plugins involves the transmission of cookies to and from all sites managed externally. The management of information of this type is governed by the information hosted by the site of each third party to which reference should be made.
This site uses both temporary and persistent third-party technical cookies (in addition to those mentioned above), including:
Google Analytics (Google Inc.)
Widget Google Maps (Google Inc.)
Widget Video Youtube (Google Inc.)
Flash cookies can be saved on your computer by sites that use Adobe Flash. The technological design is similar to that of cookies. Almost all browsers use a Flash player which is used to display presentations of this type (settings, volume, etc). An example is the video player of the YouTube site. There is no time limit for Flash cookies. They therefore remain archived until you proceed to delete them.
4. Management of cookies.
The user is free to decide whether or not to accept cookies through the settings of his Internet browser. In fact, cookies can be limited or blocked through the browser settings. Disabling (partial or total) of technical cookies can compromise the use of the features of the site with a reserved area. The usability of public content is also possible by completely disabling cookies. Disabling third-party cookies does not generally affect the navigability of the site.
The setting can be managed independently by the user in a specific and detailed way by accessing the settings of his browser, privacy section.
4.1 How to install or remove cookies from your terminal
You can decide which cookies to accept through the settings of the browser you use to navigate. The default settings of most browsers provide for the acceptance of cookies, but the user can change these settings by intervening on the configuration of the browser itself. There are also various types of software that can act on cookies, such as web services or browser add-ons.
The Help of the browser used to navigate contains all the information to enable or block cookies.
The procedure for managing cookies may vary from one browser to another.
For more information: https://www.allaboutcookies.org/manage-cookies/
To disable cookies on a mobile phone (smartphone), please consult the relevant manual for more information.
4.2 Effects of disabling cookies
If you decide to disable cookies, it is advisable to take their characteristics into account, to avoid incurring unwanted changes to navigation on the site. In particular, the deactivation of technical cookies could prevent the use of some features of the site.